Law is an arrangement of rules developed and enforced by governmental or civic bodies to govern behavior, usually with an exactitude of its binding force. It is often differentially defined as the craft and science of civil law. It is based on the idea that individual beings have a responsibility for their actions and that governments have a responsibility to protect the rights of citizens. Civil law is the body of law that includes the laws regulating the behavior of individuals and organizations. These laws are framed by a body of judges, lawyers and other legal professionals who determine what the parameters of this code should be. They also have the power to punish crimes and prescribe sanctions against those who break the codes.
Civil law has a common feature with international law. However, it differs from international law in that civil law deals with private parties only, while international law is concerned with the state, its agencies and public organizations that act in concert with international bodies like the UN, which have the authority to address international legal matters. Civil law can be discussed broadly and includes a number of things like family law, corporate finance, real estate law, contract law, property law, family related issues like divorce, adoption, child custody, property rights, divorce remedies, surrogacy and many more.
One major difference between civil law and common law is the scope of jurisdiction that a court provides to its members. Common law courts tend to focus on disputes between individuals and organizations. On the other hand, civil law courts deal with all types of disputes involving government agencies, corporations, non-government organizations, public organizations and even other private entities. Because of this common perception, a number of people outside of the United States are unfamiliar with the concept of civil law. For this reason, the scope of this article will be limited to four major elements of civil law.
The first element of civil law involves attorneys. Lawyers are professionals who specialize in legal practices. Civil lawyers can specialize in particular areas of the law, such as criminal law, civil litigation, family law, or corporate law. Some lawyers work exclusively for specific clients, while others work at the represented’s request on a pro Bono basis. Attorneys can represent clients in both state and federal court.
The second element of civil law involves forensic evidence. Forensic evidence refers to any evidence of a crime that cannot be explained by the defendant. This includes blood, fibers, saliva, or DNA samples. Most forensic evidence is used in murder cases, and state and federal criminal defense lawyers use it in every case they handle. Blood evidences can be collected from crime scenes, and fingerprinting tests can be conducted on criminals.
The third element of civil law is tort law. Tort law, also known as civil law, is the body of law that permits private parties to seek damages for injuries that they have sustained. Civil and criminal laws are separate and distinct, although they are often found in association with each other in criminal trials. In most states, both criminal and civil laws are applied concurrently.
A fourth important component of the legal system is jurisdiction. This refers to the authority that a government or political subdivision has over a private party. It is not uncommon for courts to issue writs of command against individuals or corporations, or issue warrants to arrest an individual for a violation of a law. Just as with other branches of the legal system, the scope of jurisdiction is determined by the extent of the law itself and by the nature of the circumstances involved.
There are many more elements of the legal system besides the four mentioned above. However, most if not all of them fall under the umbrella of criminal law, tort law, or property law. PIerson is very similar to criminal law, but involves a different body of law and different goals. Private lawyers deal with these different aspects of the law on a daily basis.